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Arabian Peninsula

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Arabian Peninsula, Al Batha-Riyadh Highway, Al Batha, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia (22.37430 49.47712)

About this map

Name: Arabian Peninsula topographic map, elevation, relief.
Coordinates: 12.59350 34.57103 32.15434 59.83942
Minimum elevation: -29 m
Maximum elevation: 5,339 m
Average elevation: 526 m

Arabian Peninsula

Arabia has few lakes or permanent rivers. Most areas are drained by ephemeral watercourses called wadis, which are dry except during the rainy season. Plentiful ancient aquifers exist beneath much of the peninsula, however, and where this water surfaces, oases form (e.g. Al-Hasa and Qatif, two of the world's largest oases) and permit agriculture, especially palm trees, which allowed the peninsula to produce more dates than any other region in the world. In general, the climate is extremely hot and arid, although there are exceptions. Higher elevations are made temperate by their altitude, and the Arabian Sea coastline can receive surprisingly cool, humid breezes in summer due to cold upwelling offshore. The peninsula has no thick forests. Desert-adapted wildlife is present throughout the region.

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